The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped organ located at the base of your neck. It is responsible for the synthesis and release of thyroid hormones: thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). These hormones are primarily responsible for regulating your metabolism. When their levels are too low, a person can experience fatigue, rapid weight gain, constipation, and dry skin. When their levels are too high, a person may feel heart palpitations or arrhythmias, muscle wasting, and harmful eye changes.
Iodine from food is an essential ingredient in the synthesis of thyroid hormone so adequate intake is required for the thyroid gland to function properly.
When the thyroid gland produces too little thyroid hormone, a person is diagnosed with hypothyroidism. In developing nations, iodine deficiency is the number one cause of hypothyroidism. In the United States, 80-90% of hypothyroidism is due to an autoimmune disease that attacks thyroid cells known as Hashimoto’s disease. Treatment for Hashimoto’s has been proven to be relatively safe and effective.
When the thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone, a person is diagnosed with hyperthyroidism. The most common cause is due to graves disease, an autoimmune disorder in which antibodies produced by your immune system stimulate your thyroid to produce too much T4.
A variety of pathologies exist that cause abnormal thyroid hormone levels including toxic adenoma, toxic multinodular goiter, chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, and autoimmune thyroiditis. Some thyroid pathologies are temporary, and the thyroid may be able to heal, but most thyroid abnormalities are chronic and require hormone replacement or inhibition. By working closely with our providers, we will aim to balance your hormone levels and maximize your metabolism and symptoms.
We know that you will feel very comfortable and confident in our team. Come get your thyroid levels checked today!!