What is hormone replacement therapy (HRT)?

Hormone replacement therapy is a medication containing female hormones estrogen and or progesterone that is used to replace the ones her body no longer makes. In most women, this is usually after menopause. In most cases HRT is used to treat common menopausal symptoms, including hot flashes, night sweats, mood swings and vaginal discomfort.

Hormone replacement therapy is also been proven to slow down and prevent bone loss that leads to osteoporosis. Once women’s estrogen drops, the bones begin to lose their strength putting her at a risk for bone fractures.

Although there are benefits from taking HRT, there are risks as well. The risks must be addressed to ensure the best treatment plan. Things to consider are the type of hormone therapy, the dose and how long the medication is taken, getting a good past medical history along with past family history. For good positive outcomes, hormone therapy should be tailored to each person’s needs and closely monitored throughout the therapy.

All blood work along with symptoms must be re-evaluated every so often to make sure the therapy continues to be a benefit and it be sure its benefits still outweigh the risks.

What are the benefits of hormone therapy?

When looking at the benefits of hormone therapy, one should look at the different types of Hormone Replacement Therapy such as systemic hormone therapy, low-dose vaginal preparations of estrogen, or a Bio- Identical hormone.

What are the risks of hormone therapy?

In the largest clinical trial to date, a combination estrogen-progestin pill (Prempro) increased the risk of certain serious conditions, including:

  • Heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Blood clots
  • Breast cancer

Meet with one of our providers to discuss if taking hormone replacement therapy is a good option for you.